Rehabilitation in oncology

About authors

1 Saint Petersburg City Hospital No 40, Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation

2 Saint Petersburg State University, St Petersburg, Russia

Correspondence should be addressed: Aleksandr S. Golota
Borisova, 9 B, St. Petersburg, 197706; moc.oohay@aatolog

About paper

Author contribution: Kamilova TA — search and analysis, article text authoring; Golota AS — search and analysis, article text discussion and editing; Vologzhanin DA — article text discussion and editing; Schneider OV, Shcherbak SG — concept development, article discussion; all authors made a significant contribution to concept development and article preparation, they have read and approved the final version thereof before publication.

Received: 2021-05-29 Accepted: 2021-06-12 Published online: 2021-06-21

Current oncology and oncohematology treatment methods allow more patients to successfully survive the disease. However, afterwards, most survivors have to deal with a wide range of symptoms and side effects and need rehabilitation. Personalized rehabilitation programs for such patients employ various methods of physical medicine. Physical activity is an important component of the cancer patients' treatment and rehabilitation. It improves their functional health, specifically physical performance, cognitive function, psychological health, and makes the quality of their lives better. Physical activity increases muscle strength, alleviates the radiation and chemotherapy side effects and relieves fatigue. Personalized exercise programs are employed to monitor patient's condition and exercise tolerance. Physical and cognitive rehabilitative interventions are performed simultaneously as part of interdisciplinary rehabilitative care, so this approach can have a synergistic effect. It is necessary to factor in contraindications when prescribing regular physical activity, exercise and other methods of rehabilitation, otherwise they can lead to clinical complications.

Keywords: rehabilitation, physical activity, quality of life, cancer, physical exercises, oncology disease, muscle strength, fatigue