Medical rehabilitation and infectious diseases in children

Melnikova EV1,2, Khasanova NM1,3, Chuprova SN1,4, Uskov AN1, Skripchenko NV1,5, Samoylova IG1, Lepikhina TG1, Ivanova GE6,7
About authors

1 Pediatric Research and Clinical Center for Infectious Diseases of FMBA, Saint Petersburg, Russia

2 Private University «Saint Petersburg Medico-Social Institute», Saint Petersburg, Russia

3 Northern State Medical University, Arkhangelsk, Russia

4 Mechnikov North-Western State Medical University, Saint Petersburg, Russia

5 Saint Petersburg State Pediatric Medical University, Saint Petersburg, Russia

6 Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, Moscow, Russia

7 Federal Center for Brain Research and Neurotechnologies of FMBA, Moscow, Russia

Correspondence should be addressed: Elena V. Melnikova
Professora Popova, 9, Saint Petersburg, 197022, Russia; ur.liam@2002eavokinlem

Received: 2021-12-03 Accepted: 2021-12-16 Published online: 2021-12-21

Today, medical rehabilitation is undergoing significant transformation. The new system built around the biopsychosocial model includes assessment of physical constraints and rehabilitation diagnosis, determination of rehabilitation potential, formulation of goals and objectives of individual interventions, development of rehabilitation plans, and progress evaluation. All of these rehabilitation components can be implemented using a personalized, problem-oriented, multidisciplinary approach, which is now being actively introduced into clinical practice. The current pandemic of the novel coronavirus infection has demonstrated that medical rehabilitation is crucial for convalescents. However, its principles and techniques have not been fully elaborated yet. This review describes the current state of medical rehabilitation of children with or after infectious diseases and identifies its avenues and prospects.