Early comprehensive rehabilitation of patient with postoperative dysphagia
Postoperative paresis and paralysis of the larynx, associated with breathing, voice and swallowing disorders, are actual problem of surgical treatment of the thyroid and mediastinal diseases. Traditionally, more attention is paid to phonation disorders treatment. Swallowing recovery methods are not described sufficiently. The paper reports a clinical case of early speech therapy intervention aimed at alleviating postoperative dysphagia caused by the limited flexibility of the larynx. Detailed swallowing disorder diagnosis in patient was carried out before and after the logopaedic correction of dysphagia. The main directions and results of the correctional and pedagogical work with psychological support within comprehensive rehabilitation are described. The findings confirm the need for correctional impact during the early stages of rehabilitation in case of dysphagia in surgical patients with the paresis or paralysis of the larynx.
Keywords: psychological support, paresis and paralysis of the larynx, dysphagia, logopaedic impact, early rehabilitation