Epidemiological characteristics of community-acquired pneumonia during the COVID-19 epidemic in the Russian Federation

About authors

1 Centre for Strategic Planning and Management of Biomedical Health Risks of the Federal Medical Biological Agency, Moscow, Russia

2 Federal Medical-Biological Agency, Russia, Moscow

Correspondence should be addressed: Bronislav Andreevich Zhigarlovskiy
Shchukinskaya, 5, str. 6, Moscow, 123182; ur.zmpsc@yiksvolragihzb

About paper

Author contribution: all authors significantly contributed to the research methodology design, data collection, analysis and interpretation. All authors participated in the manuscript drafting and editing processes and preparation of the final version of the article.

Received: 2020-12-22 Accepted: 2021-01-27 Published online: 2021-02-16

COVID-19 belongs to the group of acute respiratory infections and it is often complicated with pneumonia. This study aimed to investigate manifestations of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) epidemic process during the COVID-19 epidemic in the Russian Federation. We analyzed the official statistical data reporting the incidence of CAP in the Russian Federation in 2013–2020 and incidence of COVID-19 as registered in March–July 2020. The mean average annual CAP incidence rate that we calculated and the 2020 CAP incidence prediction allowed assessing the relationship between CAP and COVID-19. It is shown that the long-term dynamics of the incidence of CAP in the Russian Federation is characterized by a pronounced upward trend with an average annual growth rate of 6.4%. The share of adult population among the CAP cases is the largest; on average, it is 64.7% (95% CI [63.1; 66.3]). In 2020, against the background of SARS-CoV-2 circulation, the discrepancy between the actual incidence of CAP and the predicted figures reached and exceeded 558% (in July 2020). As the COVID-19 epidemic developed, the incidence of CAP was registered to increase. There was established a direct and significant correlation between the incidence of CAP and COVID-19 (rxy = 0.932; p <0.01).

Keywords: coronavirus, COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, coronavirus disease, community–acquired pneumonia, epidemiological characteristics, correlation