Pediatric inflammatory multisystem syndrome temporally associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection
Despite the low incidence, low mortality and relatively mild symptoms of COVID-19 in children, there has been a rise in pediatric patients who develop a condition resembling Kawasaki disease after COVID-19 or contact with individuals infected with SARS-CoV-2. This condition is known as the pediatric inflammatory multisystem syndrome temporally associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection (PIMS-TS). This review introduces the reader to the hypotheses of PIMS-TS pathogenesis, provides information about its diagnosis and treatment, presents clinical and laboratory data and describes treatments strategies used in children and adolescents hospitalized to the intensive care unit of the Pediatric Research and Clinical Center for Infectious Diseases. Besides, the review outlines the main diagnostic and prognostic challenges of PIMS-TS.