Essential tremor: modern view of the problem and new neurosurgical treatment options

Katunina EA1,2, Gryaznev RA1, Shipilova NN1,2, Katunin DA1, Malykhina EA1,2
About authors

1 Federal Center of Brain Research and Neurotechnologies of the Federal Medical Biological Agency, Moscow, Russia

2 Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, Moscow, Russia

Correspondence should be addressed: Elena A. Katunina
Serpukhovskiy Val, 17, Moscow, 115191, Russia; ur.liam@aninutakle

About paper

Author contributions: Katunina EA — manuscript writing; Gryaznev RA — literature review, data acquisition and processing, manuscript editing; Shipilova NN, Katunin DA, Malykhina EA — editing, formatting, approval of the final version of the article.

Received: 2024-02-28 Accepted: 2024-03-23 Published online: 2024-03-31

The review is focused on essential tremor (ET), the most common extrapyramidal system disorder. Current understanding of the disease pathogenesis is provided; issues of classification and differential diagnosis are discussed. Modern ET treatment methods include therapeutic approaches and surgical interventions. The benefits of the new ET treatment method, the magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound treatment (MRgFUS), are described; the world’s experience of using the method, indications and contraindications are summarized.

Keywords: treatment, diagnosis, essential tremor, thalamotomy, MRgFUS