Chronic urticaria associated with high-risk occupations

Mikryukova NV1, Kalinina NM1,2
About authors

1 Nikiforov Russian Center of Emergency and Radiation Medicine, EMERCOM of Russia, St. Petersburg, Russia

2 St. Petersburg Pavlov State Medical University, St. Petersburg, Russia

Correspondence should be addressed: Natalya V. Mikryukova
Optikov, 54, St. Petersburg, 197345; ofni.vokuyrkim@aylatan

About paper

Author contribution: Mikryukova NV — information collection, manuscript authoring; Kalinina NM — editing and reviewing

Received: 2021-02-18 Accepted: 2021-03-02 Published online: 2021-03-15

In their line of duty, firefighters and rescuers are exposed to a combination of adverse factors, which necessitates monitoring their health. This review covers the most common variants of urticaria associated with high-risk occupations, such as cholinergic urticaria, food-induced anaphylaxis and exercise-induced urticaria, cold and stress-induced urticaria. The analysis includes the relevant research results published up to 2020; the discussion outlines the possible pathogenesis mechanisms of chronic urticaria.

Keywords: urticaria, stress, substance P, high-risk occupations, rescuers